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   When we want to buy something, we go to a shop. There are many kinds of shops in every town or city, but most of them have a food supermarket, a department store, men's and women's clothing stores, grocery, a bakery and a butchery.
   I like to do my shopping at big department stores and supermarkets. They sell various goods under one roof and this is very convenient. A department store, for example, true to its name, is composed of many departments: readymade clothes, fabrics, shoes, sports goods, toys, china and glass, electric appliances, cosmetics, linen, curtains, cameras, records, etc. You can buy everything you like there.
   There are also escalators in big stores which take customers to different floors. The things for sale are on the counters so that they can be easily seen. In the women's clothing department you can find dresses, costumes, blouses, skirts, coats, beautiful underwear and many other things. In the men's clothing department you can choose suits, trousers, overcoats, ties, etc.
   In the knitwear department one can buy sweaters, cardigans, short-sleeved and long-sleeved pullovers, woollen jackets. In the perfumery they sell face cream and powder, lipstick, lotions and shampoos.
   In a food supermarket we can also buy many different things at once: sausages, fish, sugar, macaroni, flour, cereals, tea. At the butcher's there is a wide choice of meat and poultry. At the bakery you buy brown and white bread, rolls, biscuits.
   Another shop we frequently go to is the greengrocery which is stocked by cabbage, potatoes, onions, cucumbers, carrots, beetroots, green peas and what not. Everything is sold here ready-weighed and packed. If you call round at a dairy you can buy milk, cream, cheese, butter and many other products.
   The methods of shopping may vary. It may be a selfservice shop where the customer goes from counter to counter selecting and putting into a basket what he wishes to buy. Then he takes the basket to the check-out counter, where the prices of the purchases are added up. If it is not a self-service shop, and most small shops are not, the shop-assistant helps the customer in finding what he wants. You pay money to the cashier and he gives you back the change.


   Когда мы хотим что-нибудь купить, мы идем в магазин. В каждом городе есть много разных магазинов. В большинстве из них есть продуктовые супермаркеты, универмаги, магазины мужской и женской одежды, бакалейные, булочные, мясные.
   Мне нравится делать покупки в больших универсальных магазинах и супермаркетах. Под одной крышей продаются разные товары, что очень удобно. Универсальный магазин, например, соответствует своему названию. Он состоит из многих отделов: готовая одежда, ткани, обувь, спорттовары, игрушки, посуда, электротовары, косметика, белье, гардины, фотоаппараты, магнитофоны и т. д. Вы можете купить здесь что хотите.
   В больших универмагах есть эскалаторы, которые доставляют посетителей на разные этажи. Вещи, которые продаются, лежат на прилавках, чтобы их можно было рассмотреть. В отделе женской одежды вы можете увидеть платья, костюмы, блузы, юбки, пальто, красивое белье и многие другие вещи. В отделе мужской одежды можно выбрать костюмы, брюки, пальто, галстуки и т. д.
   В отделе трикотажа можно купить свитера, кардиганы, пуловеры с короткими и длинными рукавами, шерстяные жакеты. В отделе косметики продаются крем для лица, пудра, помада, лосьоны и шампуни.
   В продуктовом супермаркете мы можем купить одно временно: сосиски, рыбу, сахар, макароны, муку, крупы, чай. В мясном магазине есть большой выбор мяса и птицы. В булочной мы покупаем черный и белый хлеб, булочки, печенье.
   Мы часто ходим еще в один магазин — овощной. Здесь есть капуста, картофель, лук, огурцы, морковь, свекла, зеленый горошек и многое другое. Все продается в расфасованном и упакованном виде. Если вы зайдете в молочный магазин, там вы можете купить молоко, сыр, сливки, масло и другие продукты.
   Методы торговли могут различаться. Существуют магазины самообслуживания, где покупатель ходит от прилавка к прилавку, выбирает и кладет в корзину то, что он хочет купить. Затем он несет корзину к контрольному прилавку, где стоимость покупок суммируется. Если же в магазине нет самообслуживания, как в большинстве маленьких магазинов, то продавец помогает покупателю подобрать то, что ов хочет. Вы платите деньги кассиру, а он дает вам сдачу

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