Начался учебный год, и детям в школах каждый день приходится запоминать больше, чем взрослые узнают иногда за целый год. На сайте вы найдете всю нужную информацию для выполнения домашнего задания и сможете лучьше подготовиться к школе.


   When we want to buy something, we go to a shop. There are many kinds of shops in every town or city, but most of them have a food supermarket, a department store, men's and women's clothing stores, grocery, a bakery and a butchery.
   I like to do my shopping at big department stores and supermarkets. They sell various goods under one roof and this is very convenient. A department store, for example, true to its name, is composed of many departments: readymade clothes, fabrics, shoes, sports goods, toys, china and glass, electric appliances, cosmetics, linen, curtains, cameras, records, etc. You can buy everything you like there.
   There are also escalators in big stores which take customers to different floors. The things for sale are on the counters so that they can be easily seen. In the women's clothing department you can find dresses, costumes, blouses, skirts, coats, beautiful underwear and many other things. In the men's clothing department you can choose suits, trousers, overcoats, ties, etc.
   In the knitwear department one can buy sweaters, cardigans, short-sleeved and long-sleeved pullovers, woollen jackets. In the perfumery they sell face cream and powder, lipstick, lotions and shampoos.
   In a food supermarket we can also buy many different things at once: sausages, fish, sugar, macaroni, flour, cereals, tea. At the butcher's there is a wide choice of meat and poultry. At the bakery you buy brown and white bread, rolls, biscuits.
   Another shop we frequently go to is the greengrocery which is stocked by cabbage, potatoes, onions, cucumbers, carrots, beetroots, green peas and what not. Everything is sold here ready-weighed and packed. If you call round at a dairy you can buy milk, cream, cheese, butter and many other products.
   The methods of shopping may vary. It may be a selfservice shop where the customer goes from counter to counter selecting and putting into a basket what he wishes to buy. Then he takes the basket to the check-out counter, where the prices of the purchases are added up. If it is not a self-service shop, and most small shops are not, the shop-assistant helps the customer in finding what he wants. You pay money to the cashier and he gives you back the change.


   Когда мы хотим что-нибудь купить, мы идем в магазин. В каждом городе есть много разных магазинов. В большинстве из них есть продуктовые супермаркеты, универмаги, магазины мужской и женской одежды, бакалейные, булочные, мясные.
   Мне нравится делать покупки в больших универсальных магазинах и супермаркетах. Под одной крышей продаются разные товары, что очень удобно. Универсальный магазин, например, соответствует своему названию. Он состоит из многих отделов: готовая одежда, ткани, обувь, спорттовары, игрушки, посуда, электротовары, косметика, белье, гардины, фотоаппараты, магнитофоны и т. д. Вы можете купить здесь что хотите.
   В больших универмагах есть эскалаторы, которые доставляют посетителей на разные этажи. Вещи, которые продаются, лежат на прилавках, чтобы их можно было рассмотреть. В отделе женской одежды вы можете увидеть платья, костюмы, блузы, юбки, пальто, красивое белье и многие другие вещи. В отделе мужской одежды можно выбрать костюмы, брюки, пальто, галстуки и т. д.
   В отделе трикотажа можно купить свитера, кардиганы, пуловеры с короткими и длинными рукавами, шерстяные жакеты. В отделе косметики продаются крем для лица, пудра, помада, лосьоны и шампуни.
   В продуктовом супермаркете мы можем купить одно временно: сосиски, рыбу, сахар, макароны, муку, крупы, чай. В мясном магазине есть большой выбор мяса и птицы. В булочной мы покупаем черный и белый хлеб, булочки, печенье.
   Мы часто ходим еще в один магазин — овощной. Здесь есть капуста, картофель, лук, огурцы, морковь, свекла, зеленый горошек и многое другое. Все продается в расфасованном и упакованном виде. Если вы зайдете в молочный магазин, там вы можете купить молоко, сыр, сливки, масло и другие продукты.
   Методы торговли могут различаться. Существуют магазины самообслуживания, где покупатель ходит от прилавка к прилавку, выбирает и кладет в корзину то, что он хочет купить. Затем он несет корзину к контрольному прилавку, где стоимость покупок суммируется. Если же в магазине нет самообслуживания, как в большинстве маленьких магазинов, то продавец помогает покупателю подобрать то, что ов хочет. Вы платите деньги кассиру, а он дает вам сдачу

There are fifty states in the United States of America. Two of these states, Alaska and Hawaii, are not connected to the other states. The US is washed by the Pacific Ocean in the west, by the Atlantic Ocean in the east, by the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico in the south. In the north are Great Lakes. More than 250 million people live in the United States. The United States is a young countr
The Weather in England    The weather in England is very changeable. A fine morning can change into a wet afternoon and evening. And a nasty morning can change into a fine afternoon. That is why it is natural for the English to use the comparison "as changeable as the weather" of a person who often changes his mood or opinion about something. "Other countries have a climate; in England we have wea
The History of the Olympic Games   Long ago ancient Greeks often waged wars. Small states suffered and lost much even if they did not take any side and stayed out of wars. The ruler of such a small state, Elis, wanted to live in peace with all neighbours. He was a good diplomat because his negotiations were successful and Elis was recognized a neutral state. To celebrate this achievement, he organ
My Family's Meals   My family isn't large. It consists of four members. But each member of owe family has his own tastes and interests. For example, my brother is fond of sports. So early in the morning he goes jogging.   That's why he has nothing to eat before it, because it would be bad for him to eat before exercises. But when he comes back, he has a shower and is more than ready for breakfast.
Political System of Great Britain    The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional monarchy. Britain does not have a written constitution. Parliament is the most important authority in Britain.   The monarch serves formally as head of state. The present sovereign is Queen Elizabeth II (the second).   The House of Commons consists of Members of Parliament. General ele
Lincoln was one of the most famous presidents of the USA. He was born in the family of a poor farmer in 1809 in Kentucky, but soon his family left for the wild forestland of Indiana. He was taught reading, writing and simple arithmetic, as his family could not afford better education. When he was 18, he went to New Orleans and there he saw a slave market. It made a deep impression on him and he be
Thomas Edison   Thomas Edison was born in 1847. He first went to school at the age of eight and a half. But after only three months his teacher called him «stupid» and he came home crying.   From that time his mother taught him at home and he read science books by himself. He got a job sending telegraph messages. Then he started inventing things. At the age of 12 he had a job selling newspapers. H
The history of Moscow began in 1147, and since then Moscow has always had a leading position in the life of the whole country. It is the political, cultural, scientific centre of Russia. Coming to Moscow for the first time, many tourists start sightseeing with Red Square. In Red Square they visit St.Basil's Cathedral, a masterpiece of ancient Russian architecture. It was built in memory of the vic
Christmas in Great Britain    Christmas Day, December 25, is probably the most popular holiday in Great Britain. It is a family holiday. Traditionally all relatives and friends give each other presents. So, before Christmas all the department stores and shops are crowded, everybody is choosing a present.   In general, people get prepared for this holiday very carefully. They decorate their houses
Independence Day   On July 4 the Americans celebrate their national holiday — Independence Day. The United States gained independence as a result of gradual and painful process.   By the mid 1700's, it became difficult for thirteen British colonies in the New World to be ruled by a king 3000 miles across the ocean. The British empire imposed high taxes upon the colonies.   In 1774, the First Conti
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart    Wolfgang Mozart is a famous Austrian composer, Mozart was born in 1756 in Salchburg, Austria. His father, a violinist and a composer, noticed wonderful talent of his son and taught him how to play musical instruments and to compose.   Being 4 years old Mozart played the clavier. When he was 5 or 6 years old he started composing music» At the age of 8— 9 Mozart created hi
Scotland is a country in the United Kingdom to the north of England. Its symbol is a thistle; its patron is St. Andrew. The country is devided into Highlands and Lowlands. Most of the industry is concentrated in Lowlands, in the Clyde Valley. Glasgow is its largest and busiest town; Edinburgh is its capital. Glasgow and Edinburgh are two great centres of Scotland. There are only 45 miles between t