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My Favourite Book

   My favourite book is "Robinson Crusoe" by Daniel Defoe. D. Defoe (1660—1731) was a great master of realistic detail. The novel "Robinson Crusoe" was written in 1719. The novel is praise to human labour and the triumph of man over nature.
   Defoe shows the development of his hero. At the beginning of the story we see an inexperienced youth, a rather frivolous boy, who then becomes a strong-willed man.
   Robinson Crusoe's most characteristic trait is his optimism. His guiding principle in life become "never say die" and "in trouble to be troubled is to have your troubles doubled".
   He had confidence in himself and in man. He believed it was within the power of man to overcome all difficulties. Crusoe was an enthusiastic worker and always hoped for the best.
   Defoe is a writer of the Enlightenment. He teaches people how to live, he tries to teach what's good and what's bad. His novel "Robinson Crusoe" is not only a work of fiction, an account of adventures, a biography and an educational pamphlet.
   It is a study of man, a great work showing man in relation to nature and civilization as well as in relation to labour and private property.

Моя любимая книга

   Моя любимая книга — "Робинзон Крузо", написанная Даниэлем Дефо. Д. Дефо (1660 — 1731) был великим мастером реализма. Роман "Робинзон Крузо" был написан в 1719 году. Роман — хвала человеку труда и торжеству человека над природой.
   Дефо показывает развитие своего героя. В начале повествования мы видим неопытного юношу, довольно легкомысленного парня, который затем становится мужчиной с сильным характером.
   Наиболее характерной чертой характера Робинзона Крузо является его оптимизм. Ведущий принцип его жизни — "никогда не думать о гибели" и "беспокоиться в беде — означает, что твоя беда удваивается".
   Он уверен в себе и в человеке. Он верит, что во власти человека преодолеть трудности. Крузо был энтузиастом-трудягой и всегда надеялся на лучшее.
   Дефо — писатель эпохи Просвещения. Он учит людей как жить, он старается научить тому, что такое хорошо и что такое плохо. Его роман "Робинзон Крузо" — это не только художественное произведение, описание приключений, биография и поучительная книга.
   Это — исследование человека, величайший труд, показывающий как его взаимоотношения с природой и обществом, так и его отношение к труду и частной собственности.


British Literature   Great Britain gave the world a lot of talented people. Many famous writers and poets were born and lived in Great Britain.   One of the best known English playwrights was William Shakespeare. He draw ideas for his tragedies and comedies from the history of England and ancient Rome. Many experts consider Shakespeare the greatest writer and the greatest playwright in English lan
Salvador Dali   Dali is well known for his surrealist works and many consider him the most brilliant Surrealist of his time. But to understand the enigma that is Salvador Dali, one must take a look back into his childhood, his family, and his inspirations.   Salvador Dali was born in Figueras, Spain. Dali, being the only young male in a female-dominated household, was pampered a lot by his mother,
Agriculture   The physical environment and natural resources of England are more favourable to agricultural development than those of other parts of the United Kingdom. A greater proportion of the land consists of lowlands with good soils where the climate is conducive to crop growing. The majority of English farms are small, most holdings being less than 250 acres (100 hectares); nonetheless, the
Life of Youth in Britain    Young people from all walks of life are united according to their interests by the established youth organizations in Britain. These organizations develop because of the contribution of both full-time and part-time youth workers and a great number of volunteers.   Outdoor pursuits involve anything from pony trekking to rock-climbing or canoeing and help young people go
Sport in Our Life    Physical exercises are helpful to make us healthier as well as to keep us well mentally So if we want to keep ourselves fit, we have to go in for sports or games.   People play games — in some games each person is for himself, in others there are teams.   Some games are quiet, others are very lively. Games that take a great deal of athletic skill are often called sports.   Foo
About Myself    I was born on the 3rd of July 1990 in Moscow. Like many other children I went to a kindergarten. At the age of 6 I went to school. My school was next to my house. Many pupils of our primary school were my neighbours. I was very proud when I became a pupil.   But very soon I realized that this was not a game, and I had to work hard if I wanted my parents to be pleased with me. Now,
London is the capital of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, situated on both sides of the Thames River; it's the political, financial, commercial, industrial, and cultural centre of Great Britain. It is the largest city in Europe with the total population of about 8 million people (over 12 million with the suburbs). About one fifth of the total population of the UK lives in
Watching sport events and going in for sports are 2 different things. When you listen to the radio you can always hear sport news. When you open a newspaper you will always find information about sport events. TV programs about sports are always very popular, and you can watch something very interesting every day. Personally I prefer to watch figure-skating competitions. Sports help people to keep
English Traditions    One of the most peculiar features of life in England which immediately strikes any visitor to this country is the cherishing and preserving of many traditions, sometimes very archaic as they may seem. Uniforms are not particularly characteristic of this fact. However, when one sees the warders at the Tower of London with their funny flat hats, their trousers bound at the knee
My Attitude to Sports    If you want to be healthy, strong and beautiful, you should go in for sports.   When I go in for sports, I feel wonderful. I don't sneeze or cough. I am cheerful, active and full of energy. In summer 1 go swimming. I enjoy spending winter holidays in the country There I can ski or skate. Certainly, it depends on the weather.   For those who have already determined to go in
Vladimir Vemadsky   Vladimir Vernadsky, born March 12, 1863, in St. Petersburg, died January 6, 1946, in Moscow. Pioneering geochemist, mineralogist, and crystallographer, philosopher of science, political activist, full member of the Russian (later USSR) Academy of Sciences, the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, corresponding member of the French Academy of Sciences. After graduating from St. Peters
Rudyard Kipling   Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936) was born in Bombay, but educated in England.   In 1882, he returned to India, where he worked for Anglo-Indian newspapers.   His literary career began in 1886.   A prolific writer, he achieved fame quickly. Kipling was the poet of the British Empire.   His "Barrack Room Ballads" (1892) were written for, as much as about, the common soldier.   In 1894,