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The official name – the United Kingdom of the Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Other names: Great Britain (Britain) /after its major isle/ England /after its major historic part/ The British Isles /it occupies the territory of the British Isles/ Albion /the ancient name of the British Isles given by Romans. From Latin “alba” = “white”. Romans were impressed by the white chalk cliffs/ 2. A constitutional monarchy The head of State is the Queen or a King. She or he inherits the title, and so is not elected by people. The government is made up of Members of Parliament (Mps) who are elected British Parliament consists of 2 Houses: the House of lords and the House Commons. The Prime minister is the head of Government. The main political parties are the Labour, the Conservative and the Liberal. 3. Occupies the territory of the British Isles. The UK is an island state, is composed of 5,500 large and small islands. The 2 main islands are: 1. Great Britain /in which are England, Scotland and Wales/ 2. Ireland /in which are Northern Ireland and independent Irish Republic/ Some other islands: The Orkney and the Shetland Islands in the North The Hebrides in the North – West Anglesey – lies close to North Wales The Scilly Island [‘sili] – off the South – West coast of England, near the Land`s End. The Isle of Wight – in the South 4. The UK is one of the world`s smaller countries (twice smaller than France or Spain) – with an area of 244,1002 km. Great Britain is just under 1,000 km from the South coast to the extreme {крайний} North of Scotland. It is just under 500 km across in the widest part. UK ~ 244,5002 km. Great Britain ~ 228,4002 km. England ~ 131,8 thousand sq. km. Wales ~ 20,8 thousand sq. km. Scotland ~ 77 thousand sq. km. Northern Ireland ~ 14 thousand sq. km. 5. Is situated off the North – West coast of Europe. The seas around Britain provide exceptionally good fishing grounds. Is washed by the atlantic Ocean in the N – W. the North Sea in the East Is separated from Ireland by the Irish Sea from the European continent by the English Channel (La Manche) and its narrowest part the Strait of Dover (Pas de Calais) which is only 32 km wide. 6. The official language is English, but there are some other languages spoken too. The Gaelic language (Scottish) is still used in parts of the Scottish Highlands and islands. Wales is officially bilingual {двуязычен} /Welsh and English/ Irish (form of the Gaelic language) English, Welsh, Scottish, Irish. 7. Stonehedge is situated in the South – Westen part of England near the city of Salisbury. It is one of the most famous prehistoric monuments in Europe. It was built over 4000 years ago on Salisbury plain in Wiltshire. The largest stones reach about 7 metres above ground and 3 metres below ground. On the 21 of June it is the longest day in the year, the sun rises over the heelstone and shines into the center of the circle.


My Last Summer Holidays   Pupils at school have their vacations four times a year — in winter, in autumn, in spring, and in summer.   As for me, the best holidays are in summer. All people enjoy summer holidays very much. It is a great pleasure to have a rest after a whole year of hard work or study. People like to travel during summer holidays.   Some people go abroad to see new countries, some p
Watching sport events and going in for sports are 2 different things. When you listen to the radio you can always hear sport news. When you open a newspaper you will always find information about sport events. TV programs about sports are always very popular, and you can watch something very interesting every day. Personally I prefer to watch figure-skating competitions. Sports help people to keep
About Myself    First of all let me introduce myself. My name is Taras. I'm seventeen years old. I'm at 11-th grade. There are two more kids in the family besides - my elder brother Oleg and my younger sister Maria. Oleg is twenty-one, he attends a University, he will be a dentist. Maria is only twelve, she is a schoolgirl. I forgot to mention one more member of our family. It's our favourite po
Belarus is Eastern Slavic nation, historically part of Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Poland and Russia it regained its independence on the 27th of july, 1990. The territory of present-day Belarus was first populated in the Early Stone age by Eastern Slavic tribes, the forebears of the Belorussions are the Krivichi, Radimichi and Dregovichi. With the development of the class society the Eastern Slavic
The British Isles haven't always been a separate part of Europe. Long time ago Britain was a part of the European continent. Then about ten thousand years ago during the end of the last Ice Age, when the climate grew warmer, new rivers and sees were formed Europe slowly moved into its present shape. The ancient people of Britain were simple hunters and ate flesh of animals fruits, nuts, honey. The
Museums and Art Galleries of Moscow   Speaking about art galleries of Moscow we must mention the most famous galleries.   The State Tretyakov gallery is one of the best known picture galleries in Russia. It takes its name from its founder Pavel Tretyakov, a Moscow merchant. In the 19th century Tretyakov began to collect Russian paintings. He visited all the exhibitions and art studios and bought t
The Future of the Internet   Everywhere we go, we hear about the Internet. It's on television, in magazines, newspapers, and in schools. One might think that this network of millions of computers around the globe is as fast and captivating as television, but with more and more users logging on everyday and staying on longer and longer, this «Information Superhighway» could be perhaps more correctl
Appearance: Beauty   How important is your appearance? Although everyone wants to tf good-looking, are beautiful people always happier people? For example, must be a problem to be a really beautiful woman, because some men ma: be more interested in looking at you than talking to you.   They think of you as a picture rather than a person. There are also some people who think that women who are exce
My Usual Shopping Round   We go shopping every day. The other day my mother took me on a usual shopping round. We went to the grocer's and greengrocer's as we had run out of sugar and onions.   At the greengrocer's there was a long queue. But we had nothing to do but stand in the queue if we wanted to get to the counter and have some onions. The shop-girl weighed us half a kilo of onions, we thank
My Attitude to Sports    If you want to be healthy, strong and beautiful you should go in for sports. If you want to keep yourselves fit, you should go in for sport regularly. Nobody likes to be stout and clumsy.   We enjoy watching nice bodies of sportsmen, their strength and adroitness.   When I go in for sports I feel wonderful. I don't sneeze or cough. I am cheerful, active and full of energy.
The Great Barrier Reef on the coast of Queensland is a garden under the sea. There are 1,400 different kinds of fish, and more than 300 kinds of coral. Tropical fruit and flowers grow on the beautiful islands. It’s not surprising that more holiday-makers come to Queensland every year. Tasmania, the island south of Australia, is small. It’s the same size as England. It is also very different from t
My Favourite Room    My favourite room is our kitchen. Perhaps the kitchen is the most important room in many houses, but it is particularly so in our house because it's not only where we cook and eat, but it's also the main meeting place for the family and friends.   I have so many happy memories of times spent there: special occasions such as homecomings, Christmas dinner, sitting down to read t