Great Britain forms the greater part of the British Isles, which lie off the north-west coast of mainland Europe. Great Britain is in fact the biggest of the group of islands which lies between the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. The total area is 242,534-sq. km. “Great Britain’ is a geographical expression but the “United Kingdom” is a political expression. The full name is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The population of the United Kingdom is 57 mln people. The largest and the most populated part of the United Kingdom is England. Its population is 47. 837 mln people and its capital is London. Scotland is the most northern part of the island of Great Britain. Its population is over 5 mln people. The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh.