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Russia is one of the largest countries of the world. It occupies about one seventh part of dry land. Its total area is over 17 million square kilometres. The country borders Finland and Norway in the north-west and China and Korea in the south-east. Its washed by several seas and three oceans. There are different types of climate in the various regions of Russia. It is very cold in Yakutia even in summer. Central Russia has mild climate: winters are quite cold, springs and autumns are cool and wet, summers are hot. In Krasnodarsky Region the temperature is above zero all year round, even in winter. Summer is really hot there. In some locations the climate is subtropical. The climate of Siberia is continental: summers are hot and dry and winters are cold and windy. There are a lot of mountains in Russia. The oldest ones and very rich in minerals are the Urals. There are many rivers in Russia, the longest ones are Volga in Europe and Yenisei and Ob in Asia. The deepest lakes are Baikal and Ladoga. Baikal water once was purest in the world. Now environment protection organizations' leaders want it to be restored and kept safe and pure. They demand removing industrial enterprises out of its shore. Russian Federation is very rich in mineral resources such as oil, natural gas, coal, iron ore, gold and diamonds. Moscow is the capital of our country. It was founded in 1147 by Yuri Dolgoruky. It is a busy commercial and industrial Megapolis and a nice city at the same time. There are a lot of art galleries, theatres, museums and monuments in Moscow. The most famous historical place is Moscow Kremlin, where there is the President resides and works. People of Russia take proud of the Kremlin. There are also a great number of beautiful cities in Russia.