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The Towns of Great Britain

   The centre of everything in Great Britain is the city of London. It's situated at the centre of a vast national and international network of communication. London consists of four main districts, which differ from each other. These are the City, Westminster, the West End and the East End. London's industries are extremely varied. Among them an extensive system of docks and port industries, electrical engineering, the motor car industry and other. The other towns, situated to the north of the Thames are Oxford and Cambridge.
   Oxford was first mentioned in recorded history in the tenth century and later became an important trade centre in medieval times, then it developed into leading educational centre. Cambridge is also best known for its ancient university. Its industries are mostly concerned with electronics which has an international reputation. Bristol dominates South-west England, both as the region's largest seaport and as its largest city. It is a major centre of metallurgy, aircraft and chemical industries. Of the towns situated in the south of England the largest ones are Southampton, Portsmouth and Brighton. Southampton is primarily a seaport, the most important on the south coast.
   Brighton is one of the most popular seaside resorts of Britain. It has mild climate, warm sea and wonderful beaches. Manchester is a city of ancient origin. By the 17th century it was great commercial city, a centre of textile industry. Now engineering along with clothing manufacture are most important industries there. Sheffield, situated in South Yorkshire, produces almost two-thirds of the country's alloy steel, it is famous for its-tools and cutlery. Other industries include paper making machinery and food processing. In North Yorkshire the largest town is York. Its leading industries are engineering and manufacture of confectionery. York attracts many tourists because of its famous medieval city walls.

Города Великобритании

   Столица Великобритании - Лондон. Он расположен в центре обширной национальной и международной сети коммуникаций. Лондон состоит из четырех районов, которые отличаются друг от друга. Это Сити, Вестминстер, Уэст-Энд и Ист-Энд. Промышленность Лондона разнообразна. Она включает обширную систему доковой и портовой индустрии, электротехническую, автомобильную промышленность и другие. Другие города, расположенные к северу от Темзы, это Оксфорд и Кембридж.
   Оксфорд впервые упоминался в письменной истории в X веке и позже стал важным торговым центром средневековья, потом - лучшим образовательным центром. Кембридж также хорошо известен своим древним университетом. Его промышленность в основном представлена электроникой, которая имеет международную известность. Бристоль известен в юго-западной Англии как самый большой морской порт региона и самый большой город. Это важный центр металлургии, авиапромышленности и химической промышленности. Среди городов, расположенных на юге Англии, самые большие Саутхемптон, Портсмут и Брайтон. Cаутхемптон - в первую очередь морской порт, самый важный на южном побережье.
   Брайтон - один из наиболее популярных морских курортов Британии. Тут мягкий климат, теплое море и прекрасные пляжи. Манчестер - древний город. К XVII веку это был большой торговый город, центр текстильной промышленности. Сегодня машиностроение и легкая промышленность -самые важные здесь отрасли индустрии. Шеффилд, расположенный в южном Йоркшире, производит почти 2/3 нержавеющей стали страны; он знаменит своими инструментами и столовыми приборами. Среди других отраслей - пищевая и бумажная промышленность. В северном Йоркшире самый большой город - Йорк. Лидирующие отрасли промышленности - машиностроение и пищевая. Йорк привлекает многих туристов своими знаменитыми средневековыми городскими стенами.


London is very rich in museums and art galleries. If you are fond of painting you'll go to the Tate Gallery. A rich sugar manufacturer Henry Tate founded it in 1897. There are about 300 oils and 19000 watercolours and drawings. There are many works by the English painter William Turner there. Most of his paintings are connected with the sea theme. There are a lot of paintings by the 16-th century
The Book-bag   Some people read for instruction, and some for pleasure, but not a few read from habit. I belong to that company. Let us admit that reading with us is just a drug that we cannot get along without.   Books are necessary to me and I never travel far without enough reading matter.   But when I am starting on a long journey, the problem is really great. I have learnt my lesson. Once I f
My Hobby 1). Hobby is a favourite occupation which people like to do when they have some free time.2). We choose a hobby according to our character and taste.3). Very often our hobby helps us to choose our future profession because we learn a lot of new things.4). Many people are interested in music.5). Others like reading or going on hikes, taking photographs or knitting.6). People living in citi
What is exercise? The actual definition of exercise is; to use repeatedly in order to strengthen or develop, but to make it simpler, exercise is doing programs and workouts to keep fit, for example, running, hiking, bicycling, and any active sport.Most Americans do little or no exercise during work or rest hours. Today there aren’t many jobs requiring intense physical activity. Instead of walking,
All the people enjoy summer holidays very much. It is a great pleasure to have a rest after a whole year of hard work or study. People like to travel during their summer holidays. Some people go abroad to see new countries, some people prefer to go to the country-side to enjoy country-life far from noise and fuss of big cities. Some people like to spend their holidays in cities, visiting theatres,
In 1453 before Christ the first games were held in Olympia. Beginning with approximately 776 before Christ the games were organised every fourth year. These sports consisted of running, wrestling and other exercises. The favourite games of that time were horse-racing and jumping. The ancient winners got wreaths of palm leaves. The modern Olympic Games began again in 1896. They take place every fou
My native city is Minsk. Here I was born and here I lived all my life. Minsk is the capital of the Republic of Belarus, its political, economic, cultural and scientific center. It is an ancient city and dates back to the 11th century. The main stages of its origin and development are rather typical of a large settlement in this country. It's history has some specific features which distinguish it
The History of English   When the Angles and Saxons invaded Britain in the 5th century AD, they brought with them their language: 'English' or, as we call it now, Old English. Examples of Old English words are: sheep, dog, work, field, earth, the, is, you.   Two hundred years later, when St. Augustine brought Christianity to Britain in the 7th century, hundreds of Latin and Greek words were adapte
A hundreds years ago there was no problem of what working people could do with their spare time. Their hours of work were so long that they had hardly any leisure. Nowadays it's even hard to name all the activities, entertainments and hobbies run by people in their free time. A growing number of people prefer watching films, performances, sporting events on TV to attending them. There exists quite
Shopping    When we want to buy something, we go to a shop. There are many kinds of shops in every town or city, but most of them have a food supermarket, a department store, men's and women's clothing stores, grocery, a bakery and a butchery.   I like to do my shopping at big department stores and supermarkets. They sell various goods under one roof and this is very convenient. A department store
Moscow is the capital of Russia. It is the seat of the highest bodies of state authority. Moscow was founded in 1147 by Yuri Dolgoruky. In the 15th century Moscow became the capital of Russian state. With the transfer of Russia's capital to St. Peter-sburg in 1712, it became the country's second capital. In 1918 it became the capital of Russian Federation, and from 1922 to 1991 it was the capital
Theodore Roosevelt   Theodore Roosevelt was born in New York City on October 27,1858. He was the second of the four children. Theodore was a puny kid when he was little and suffered from asthma. This kept him from being able to get out and play like other kids.   When Theodore was about 12, his father told him that he would need a strong body to give his mind a chance to develop fully. The next ye