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Peter Tchaikovsky

   Almost everybody knows "The Nutcracker Suite" with its "Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy" and "Waltz of the Flowers" "The Nutcracker Suite" was written as a ballet, but many more people have heard the music than have seen the ballet. Some of Tchaikovsky's other compositions are well-known too. Among them are the "Swan Lake" and "Sleeping Beauty" (ballets), the "Romeo and Juliet" (overture), the "Eugene Onegin", "Mazzeppa" "Iolanta" "The Queen of Spades" (operas) and the Symphony N 6; called the "Pathetic".
   Many of Tchaikovsky's writings are very tuneful. Several popular songs have tunes borrowed from them.
   Tchaikovsky was born in a small town in the Ural mountains. His father was a mining engineer. As a boy Tchaikovsky loved music, but he did not think of giving his life to it. He planned to be a lawyer. When he was old enough, he began to study law.
   But at 21 he decided that music was much more interesting and entered the conservatory at St. Petersburg. After he graduated five years later, he was made a professor in Moscow Conservatory. Along with his teaching, he wrote a great deal of music.
   His compositions are so popular now that it is hard to believe that at first they were not at all popular. But for ten years all his operas were failures and no one paid much attention to anything else he wrote.
   As a result of his unhappiness and lack of success, he became ill and had to give up his teaching.
   At last his music won the praise it deserved. Tchaikovsky was only 53 when he died, but he lived long enough to know that his music was being played far and wide over the world.

Петр Ильич Чайковский

   Наверное, нет человека, который не знал бы «Щелкунчика» с «Танцем феи Драже» и «Вальсом цветов». «Щелкунчик» был написан как балет, однако гораздо больше людей слышали музыку, но не видели балет. Известные сочинения Чайковского — это балеты «Лебединое озеро» и «Спящая красавица», увертюра «Ромео и Джульетта», онеры «Евгений Онегин», «Мазепа», «Иоланта», «Пиковая дама», шестая симфония — «Патетическая».
   Музыка Чайковского очень мелодична. Мелодии некоторых популярных песен заимствованы из нее.
   Чайковский родился в маленьком городке на Урале. Его отец был горным инженером. В детстве Чайковский любил музыку, но не собирался посвящать ей всю свою жизнь. Он хотел стать юристом. Когда он вырос, он стал изучать право.
   Но в 21 год он решил, что музыка намного интереснее права и поступил в консерваторию в Санкт-Петербурге. Через пять лет после окончания консерватории он стал профессором Московской консерватории. Чайковский преподавал и писал много музыки.
   Его сочинения так популярны сегодня, что трудно поверить в то, что сначала они совсем не пользовались успехом. Но в течение целых десяти лет постановка всех его опер заканчивалась провалом, и никто не обращал внимания на его музыку.
   Из-за творческих неудач композитор заболел и был вынужден отказаться от преподавательской деятельности.
   Конечно, музыка Чайковского уже оценена по достоинству. Чайковскому было всего 53 года, когда он умер, но он дожил до того времени, когда его музыку стали исполнять во всем мире.


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